Himachal Pradesh (Hindi - "country of snowy mountains") is a state in the north of India, from the south and the north it is surrounded by great mountains: the Sivalik ridge and the Himalayas. Himachal Pradesh has earned the fame of a mountain climate resort since the time of the British, who arranged their summer residence in the current capital of the state of Shimla. Himachal is famous for the abundance of Buddhists who fled here after the seizure of Tibet by China, Buddhist monasteries with yellow roofs and the small highland village of Manali.
Historical reference to Himachal Pradesh.
The history of the state begins as early as 1750 BC. In the territory of the future state lived a number of tribes such as Kinnara, Kirat, Dhagri, Koyli, Dagi, Khali, Dasa, and Khasa. They were held by small tribal republics, called "Janapada". People of ancient tribes engaged in farming, animal husbandry (already in those days they learned to tame bulls, camels, etc.), jewelry business and housing construction. Then the Buddhist religion began to emerge and spread. In the 4th century, the territory was conquered by the Gupta dynasty. During their rule, a system of rules was developed, thanks to which the development of national literature, architecture, philosophy and fine arts began. It entered the history of India as a "golden age".
The geographical position of Himachal Pradesh.
Himachal Pradesh has been a state since 1971 with a population of over 6,000,000 people. The capital of Shimla, formerly the capital of British India is Simla. The staff is divided into 12 districts, each of which is divided into sub-districts and further into blocks.
The area of the state is 55,7 thousand km2. Himachal Pradesh has 5 borders: east - PRC, southeast - Uttarakhand, south - Uttar Pradesh and Haryana, southwest - Punjab, north - Jammu, and Kashmir. The state is mountainous with a height of 350 to 6,000 meters above sea level. From the north and east, the state surrounds the mountain ranges of the Himalayas, from the south - the mountain chain Shivalik. The main river is the Sutlej, a tributary of the Indus River. The rivers Chenab, Ravi, Bias, Sutlej, Jamba flow through the entire mountain range. Promoting the growth of the Himalayan forests.
Excursions around Himachal Pradesh.
In Himachal Pradesh, one of the interesting excursions is a trip in the "toy train", which will take you from Kalka to Shimla. During the journey, you can enjoy all the splendor of the picturesque places, the beauty of nature. The train travels about 35 minutes at a low speed along the rocky cliffs, forests.
In 19 km. from Shimla there is a small Kufri mountain station. Here you will find the Himalayan Nature Park and Indira Tourist Park. In the park, you can ride the whole family on yaks and ponies. Here is the zoo, which is considered the best in India. In it are collected such animals as Tibetan wolf, Himalayan bear, red panda, snow leopard, tiger, etc. And also several species of birds.
Dharamshala is the administrative center of Kangra in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Here you can visit the residence of the Dalai Lama and the residence of the Karmapa, a library with a large collection of Tibetan books, other temples located nearby along the shore of the sacred lake Revalsar.
Not far from Dharamsala or Mcleodganj is Bagsu - a very popular village among tourists. In the village stands a small temple of the 16th century - the Shiva temple. Near the temple, there is a sulfur source, and below is a bathhouse, where for a fee you can take a sulfur bath. On the outskirts of the village - a waterfall - a great place to capture a trip to memory.
For extreme tourism, a cycling trip is proposed for 4 difficulties in the Indian Himalayas. During the hike, you will encounter difficulties, danger, but at the same time, learn a lot from the history of India, get acquainted with the life of the mountain people and enjoy the beauty and nature of the mountain route. Whichever excursion you choose, it is necessary to go to it with a guide who has a license.
Places for entertainment and shopping in Himachal Pradesh.
Country India is a true paradise for the buyer. Here you can buy inexpensive and high-quality fabrics: cotton, wool, cashmere, silk, chiffon, brocade. The cheapest goods are carpets. A lot of souvenirs made of sandalwood, objects made of copper, brass, bronze. Gourmets will enjoy a large selection of various spices. Very carefully approach the acquisition of gold and silver jewelry and precious stones.
Himachal Pradesh is known for numerous holidays that last the whole year:
- Shivratri - a holiday in honor of Shiva, which takes place in Mandi from February to March;
- Summer Festival - held in Dharamsala and Shimla from May to June;
- Munjar - the festival takes place from July to August in Chamba;
- Manimahesh Yatra - a pilgrimage to the sacred lake of Hindus for the purification from sins. It lasts from August to September in the city of Bharmur;
- Dussehra - a holiday in Kullu, runs from September to October;
- Lavi Fair takes place in November in the city of Rampur. It exchanges goods of various regions;
- Renuka Fair - the holiday of the end of the harvest. Held in the city of Sirmour.
From November to February, the most successful time for tourism with the purpose of sports entertainment. In the city of Shimla, there is a wide choice of sporting events: downhill on the mountain rivers, skiing, diving, golf. And so, choosing the route of travel in India, take a closer look at this state. It is certainly colder than the rest of the districts, but this has its own charm and a number of positive moments.
Duration : 7 day's / 6 Night's Places to cover : Dharamshala - McLeodganj - Dalhousie - Khajjar - Chamba - Amritsar Description : Golden temple the Land of god precises in himachal pradesh where a soul mets a great peace.
Duration : 6 day's / 5 Night's Places to cover : Dharamshala - Dalhousie - Khajjiar - Chamba - McLeodganj Description : In Himachal pradesh there is a place which name is dharamshala where a tourist feels relaxation at the bottom of the heart.
Duration : 6 day's / 5 Night's Places to cover : Delhi | Manali | Rohtangpas | Manikaran Description : Rohtang in manali is the best place in himachal pradesh where a cold and snowing wheather is affilated for travellers.
Duration : 13 day's / 12 Night's Places to cover : Delhi - Kurukshetra - Pinjore - Naggar - Manali - Shimla Description : The beginning of May is the most beautiful time in the Indian Himalayas. A small settlement Naggar, where the main program of the tour is taking place
Duration : 8 day's / 7 Night's Places to cover : Delhi-Agra-Naggar-Deodar Manor-Chanderkhani Pass-Village of Malana-Rashol Pass-Manikaran-Manali Description : Below the Chanderkhani Pass in the Kullu Valley there is a small settlement, about two hundred stone roofs of the houses that make up the village call
Duration : 13 day's / 12 Night's Places to cover : Delhi-Chandigarh-Dharamsala-Manali-Shimla-Haridwar Description : Himalayas are always point of attraction to the tourists around the world. Himalaya own its beauty and so mysterious also. Tourist love it's natural b
Duration : 13 day's / 12 Night's Places to cover : Delhi-Amritsar-Dharamsala-Revalsar-Manikaran-Manali-Naggar-Shimla-Haridwar-Rishikesh-Delhi Description : The state of Himachal Pradesh is located in the northwestern part of the Himalayas. In translation from Hindi, "Himachal" means "country of snow mount
Duration : 3 day's / 2 Night's Places to cover : Delhi-Haridwar-Rishikesh Description : This tour will take you to places of cultural heritage, rich and rich history of Delhi, on the spirituality and religiosity of Rishikesh and Haridwar.
Duration : 10 day's / 9 Night's Places to cover : DELHI - RISHIKESH - HARIDWAR - DEHRADUN - DELHI Description : The history of yoga has its roots in the distant past, more than two thousand years ago the Indian sage Patanjali commented on a series of poses, call
Duration : 13 day's / 12 Night's Places to cover : Delhi - Amritsar - Darmshala - Mandi - Rewalsar - Manali - Kullu - Shimla Description : The state of Himachal Pradesh is located in the northwestern part of the Himalayas. It is typical of exotic valleys, majestic mountain slopes and high
Duration : 8 day's / 7 Night's Places to cover : Delhi-Agra-Chandigarh-Amritsar-Dharamsala Description : Snow-capped mountain peaks of the Himalayas, emerald meadows and blue lakes, breathtaking landscapes, ancient temples and mighty forts, spiritual cent
Duration : 6 day's / 5 Night's Places to cover : Delhi-Dharamsala Description : The Joginder-Nagar Valley in the western part of Himachal Pradesh in northern India (the foothills of the Himalayas). 14 km north of the village of Bi
Duration : 11 day's / 10 Night's Places to cover : Delhi-Chandigarh-Shimla-Manali-Dharamshala-Mcleodganj - Kangra Description : The highest mountains in the world promise a rich life and meetings with many secrets. Such trips inspire, transform, fill with knowledge and give a p
Duration : 9 day's / 8 Night's Places to cover : Delhi - Jaipur - Abaneri - Fatehpur Sikri - Agra - Haridwar - Rishikesh - Delhi Description : Tour for those who want to see the classic "Golden Triangle" of India and a little more - the foothills of the Himalayas, temples, and ashrams, and al
Duration : 11 day's / 10 Night's Places to cover : Delhi-Haridwar-Rishikesh-Dehradun-Shimla-Mandi-Kullu-Manali-Dharamsala-Amritsar Description : In the Himalayas, the great Vedanta crystallized: in the Himalayas, the Buddha was exalted in spirit ... The very air of the Himalayas is saturated wi
Duration : 11 day's / 10 Night's Places to cover : Delhi - Amritsar - Dharamshala - Rewalsar - Manali - Shimla - Chandigarh Description : Himachal Pradesh - the most popular and easily accessible from the mountainous states of India, in the far south fringed by the foothills of the Shiva
Duration : 12 day's / 11 Night's Places to cover : Delhi - Amritsar - Dharamsala - Manali - Naggar - Kasol - Manikaran - Mandi - Revalsar - Shimla - Chandigarh - Kurukshetra Description : The extraterrestrial landscapes of the Himalayan mountains, the incredible energy of ancient shrines and temple complexes, the beauty of picturesque w